Depending on the nature of your condition, treatment may include the following:
Hypothyroidism treatment: Thyroid hormone replacement pills
• Medication to block the effects of excessive production of thyroid hormone
• Radioactive iodine to destroy the thyroid gland
• Surgical removal of the thyroid gland
If you experience this condition, your doctor will propose a treatment plan based on the examination and your test results. He may recommend:
• An imaging study to determine the size, location, and characteristics of any nodules within the gland. Types of imaging studies include CT or CAT scans, ultrasound, or MRIs.
• A fine-needle aspiration biopsy—a safe, relatively painless procedure. With this procedure, a hypodermic needle is passed into the lump, and tissue fluid samples containing cells are taken. Several passes with the needle may be required. Sometimes ultrasound is used to guide the needle into the nodule. There is little pain afterward and very few complications from the procedure. This test gives the doctor more information on the nature of the lump in your thyroid gland and may help to differentiate a benign from a malignant or cancerous thyroid mass.
• Thyroid surgery may be required when:
- the fine needle aspiration is reported as suspicious or suggestive of cancer
- imaging shows that nodules have worrisome characteristics or that nodules are getting bigger
- the trachea (windpipe) or esophagus are compressed because both lobes are very large
Historically, some thyroid nodules, including some that are malignant, have shown a reduction in size with the administration of thyroid hormone. However, this treatment, known as medical “suppression” therapy, has proven to be an unreliable treatment method.